Cerebral palsy (CP) manifests differently in each patient. No two people with CP will have exactly the same symptoms. However, cerebral palsy is broadly classified into four basic types.
If your child has been diagnosed with cerebral palsy, it is essential that you understand the type of medical disorder that your child is facing so you can secure the proper treatment to manage the child’s symptoms. Any treatments received for any type of cerebral palsy should be paid for by the doctor or healthcare provider whose negligence was responsible for causing the cerebral palsy.
An experienced medical malpractice attorney at Salvi, Schostok & Pritchard P.C., can assist you in getting the money and medical help you need to have your child’s CP type correctly diagnosed and to ensure your child has the very best care in the future.
Learn more by calling us today or using our online contact form. We provide free consultations.
Spastic cerebral palsy, or bilateral spasticity, is the most common type of CP. It generally occurs when a specific part of the brain is damaged that controls the transmission of nerve signals to the muscles. The problem in the brain is generally caused by an upper motor neuron lesion.
Children with spastic cerebral palsy are unable to relax the muscles in their body. The permanent stiffness in the muscles can impede movement, making a child’s movements appear to be erratic or stiff. The Society for Cerebral Palsy in Europe estimates that as much as 90 percent of children with cerebral palsy have spastic CP.
Athetoid cerebral palsy, or dyskinetic cerebral palsy, describes a movement disorder that occurs as a result of the body’s inability to control muscle tone. Muscle tone doesn’t refer here to how well-defined the muscles are, but instead refers to the tension in the muscles. A person with athetoid cerebral palsy will have muscles that are either too tense or too loose. This can make it difficult to control movements and posture.
Athetoid cerebral palsy can also result in involuntary movements of the arms or legs. Involuntary movements typically occur during periods of excitement or stress and will stop when the CP sufferer is asleep.
Athetoid cerebral palsy typically occurs as a result of lesion formation or damage to the basal ganglia, a part of the brain that is connected to the nerves that control reflexes, coordination and involuntary body movements.
Ataxic cerebral palsy is the rarest type of CP and accounts for only around five to ten percent of cerebral palsy cases. This condition occurs when the cerebellar structures are damaged.
Since the cerebellum allows the body to control balance and muscle movement, ataxic cerebral palsy can result in problems with depth perception, coordination and balance. Ataxic cerebral palsy can also cause tremors. It is most likely to cause problems in the arms, trunk and legs of the body. Muscle tone may also be decreased in patients with ataxic cerebral palsy.
Not every case of CP fits neatly into one of these three categories. When a child exhibits symptoms of different types of cerebral palsy, he or she can be diagnosed with “mixed” CP. This is a common diagnosis, as the problems leading to the development of cerebral palsy (such as lack of oxygen to the brain) can affect multiple parts of the brain and thus impede function in a number of ways.
Getting a correct diagnosis and helping your child to cope with cerebral palsy takes time and money. However, your costs should be covered by the doctor or healthcare provider who caused the cerebral palsy to occur. If a medical mistake was made that led to the development of CP, you should take action right away.
At Salvi, Schostok & Pritchard P.C., our experienced attorneys have helped many families who are coping with the challenges presented by cerebral palsy. We will fight to gather evidence, prove your case and seek the compensation you need as quickly as possible. We want to help you take care of your child and your family.
To learn more about how we can help you, give us a call or contact us online today. Our consultations are free and confidential.