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Types of Brain Injury And Brain Injury Levels

the human brainIf you or your loved one has suffered traumatic brain injury (TBI), it will be important to understand the type and level of the injury.

Understanding the nature of the injury can prepare you for what lies ahead in the recovery process.

Levels of TBI

The impact of a brain injury on a victim will depend on the level of the injury and other factors, including the victim’s age and general health. There are three different levels of traumatic brain injury (TBI):

mild types of brain injuries
Mild – Mild TBI is marked by headaches, dizziness, nausea or vomiting, sensory issues (hearing, vision, smelling), memory and concentration difficulties and emotional outbursts. A victim may briefly lose consciousness or not lose consciousness at all.
moderate types of brain injuries
Moderate – A person with moderate brain injury may suffer the same symptoms associated with mild TBI. However, the effects may last longer and/or be more severe. For instance, a person’s headaches may grow progressively worse, and it may become impossible for a person to concentrate on even the most basic tasks.
severe types of brain injuries
Severe – Severe brain injuries typically require hospitalization and rehabilitation. A person may be left with permanent physical and cognitive defects. As time passes, a person is also more likely to acquire other conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease or other brain disorders.

Types of Brain Injury

The following are common types of TBI:

Concussions –

A concussion is a mild form of TBI. The victim may have suffered a few seconds or minutes of unconsciousness or maintained consciousness while being dazed, confused and disoriented. A concussion can lead to painful headaches, balance problems and dizziness as well as personality changes, depression, anxiety and other emotional issues. Any blow to the head, whether in a fall or in a minor car accident or other incident, should be assessed by qualified medical personnel at once. Repeat concussions may lead to dementia or a progressive, degenerative disease known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).

brain contusions
Contusions –

A contusion occurs when the head has suffered a direct impact. It is akin to a “bruise on the brain.” The bleeding and swelling associated with a contusion are extremely dangerous. The injury may require surgical intervention to release the pressure and keep the oxygen flow to the brain at a safe level. In many cases, contusions must be removed surgically.

Diffuse axonal injuries

Diffuse axonal injuries –

These brain injuries typically result from shaking or a sudden and powerful rotation of the head, which often takes place in a vehicle accident. As the skull moves with impact, the brain lags behind in motion. Torn nerve tissues will disrupt normal brain function, including communication, and impact chemical processes that allow the brain to function normally.





Penetrating brain injuries –

When an impact has broken the skull, pieces of bone may enter the skull cavity and severely damage brain tissue. The shearing and rupture of the nerves and tissue in the brain can lead to permanent impairment or loss of life. These injuries are considered a severe form of TBI and typically require surgery to remove the foreign objects and repair the skull. The damage to the brain may be permanent and lead to disability.

Contact an Illinois Brain Injury Attorney

If you or your loved one has suffered a brain injury in Chicago or elsewhere in Illinois, it is extremely important that you have legal representation. Connect with Salvi, Schostok & Pritchard P.C. to discuss your situation and learn more about what can be done to help in your recovery.
Illinois Brain Injury Attorneys

We offer free consultations. Simply contact us by phone or through our online form to learn more.

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