If you or a loved one was hurt in a construction accident, the laws in Illinois work to protect you. Construction accidents may make you eligible for workers’ compensation benefits or give rise to a personal injury lawsuit.
The attorneys of Salvi, Schostok & Pritchard P.C., are dedicated to serving construction accident victims in Chicago and across Illinois. Contact us to discuss how we can assist you and your family after a construction accident. We offer free consultations to help accident victims understand their rights.
You can also review answers to some frequently asked questions for important information about construction accidents in Illinois.
In Illinois, workers’ compensation laws provide benefits after a construction accident. Workers may also be able to file a lawsuit. If you don’t pursue the right type of claim, you could lose out on money and medical care you are entitled to.
Notifying your employer of a workplace injury within 45 days is required to obtain workers’ compensation benefits. Workers’ compensation pays medical and partial lost income regardless of who was to blame for the construction accident.
The Illinois Workers’ Compensation Act details the full list of benefits available, including disability benefits equal to 2/3 of your average weekly wage if you cannot work.
However, workers’ compensation does not provide the full extent of compensation available in an injury claim. An injury lawsuit allows you to obtain compensation for medical bills, lost income, pain and suffering, emotional distress and the wrongful death of a family member.
Injury lawsuits are not possible in all construction accident cases but should be filed if you have a legitimate claim so you can be fully compensated for your losses. Check our page on How Much Is My Case Worth? to learn how to determine the value of an injury claim.
A lawsuit cannot be filed against an employer after an injury on the job. However, a suit can be filed against third parties. You need to know when a lawsuit is possible to avoid missing out on significant monetary damages.
Employers cannot be sued because the Illinois Workers’ Compensation Act establishes a workers’ compensation claim as the sole source of compensation available from an employer. Workers’ compensation benefits provide income but no payments for pain and suffering. A lawsuit against a third party allows a claim for non-economic losses, including physical pain, emotional distress or reduced quality of life.
Third-party lawsuits can be brought against manufacturers of defective machines, non-employer project managers and any third parties whose carelessness or wrongdoing caused or contributed to your construction accident.
Check our page on Product Liability Law to learn about laws applying to defective machinery.
Workers’ compensation provides disability income, lost wages and payment of medical costs, while a lawsuit compensates you for actual economic losses and non-financial damage. Knowing what you are entitled to is essential, as insurers and employers often try to pay less than you deserve.
Workers’ compensation benefits are set by statute and include payment of 100 percent of medical costs as well as 2/3 of weekly wages if you are unable to work. There are maximum and minimum weekly benefits for lost wages or death benefits, which are explained on the website of the Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission.
In a lawsuit against a third party for a construction accident, compensation is determined by a jury or through settlement negotiations. You should receive funds to pay medical bills and costs as well as damages for lost income, pain and suffering, emotional distress or wrongful death.
You can learn more by reading our section on Workplace Accidents.
You may still be entitled to compensation and benefits if you were wholly or partially to blame for a construction accident. Do not assume you aren’t entitled to compensation, or you will be left with no help in paying the costs of treatment.
Workers’ compensation does not disqualify workers from receiving benefits for accidents they were responsible for causing. Except under specific circumstances such as intoxication or express violations of company policy, a worker can receive benefits for all injuries sustained while performing work.
In a personal injury lawsuit, you may also be able to obtain partial compensation even if your actions contributed to the accident. Illinois uses a modified comparative negligence rule, so an injured person may recover compensation if he or she is less than 50 percent at fault.
Compensation is reduced if you are partially at fault. If damages are $10,000 but you were 40 percent responsible, you would be compensated for only 60 percent of the losses, or $6,000.
An accident attorney who routinely handles construction accident cases in Chicago can assist in proving the extent of the other party’s responsibility for causing the accident.
You can learn more at our Construction Accidents page.
Benefits and compensation are available to surviving family members of those killed in construction accidents. You have limited time to act. So, it is essential to understand how to avoid financial hardship caused by the death of a loved one.
Death benefits are available through workers’ compensation and include monthly income based on the average wages of the deceased. Benefits are paid out for 25 years or until a total of $500,000 has been received, whichever is greater.
The Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission provides information on the minimum and maximum death benefits paid to surviving family members.
If a non-employer’s negligence contributed to the death, family members may bring a wrongful death claim. Wrongful death lawsuits may be resolved in litigation or through settlement negotiation. Damages include payment of medical bills and costs incurred prior to death, the loss of income from the deceased, funeral costs and lost companionship.
Claims generally must be filed within two years, or they are time barred.
Read more about this type of claim on our Wrongful Death page.
Following a construction accident, alert your employer right away about the incident. Getting prompt medical help is important. Also, you have limited time to file a lawsuit before your claim is time barred.
Employers must be notified of injuries either orally or in writing within 45 days of an accident to preserve your right to workers’ compensation benefits.
Workers’ compensation claims must be filed within three years of the time the injury occurred or occupational disease developed, or within two years of the time when the last workers’ compensation payment was made.
The Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission provides more detailed information on time limits.
Prompt medical assistance is also important to prove your injury was caused by your work accident. Proof of the link between the accident and injury is needed not just for workers’ compensation but also if you wish to file a civil lawsuit for personal injury damages.
Personal injury lawsuits also must be filed within the statute of limitations. Our Personal Injury page explains more about this type of lawsuit in detail.
However, the most important thing to remember is the Illinois Code of Civil Procedure mandates that lawsuits for injury must generally be filed within two years of the accident.
Workers’ compensation disability benefits and personal injury damages both can provide financial assistance if you cannot work after a construction accident. You must take affirmative steps to receive disability benefits or lost wage compensation, or you could be left with no recourse.
Disability benefits through workers’ compensation are equal to 2/3 of your average weekly wages, subject to a weekly maximum and minimum. Benefits are available for both temporary disability and for permanent impairments. If a disability reduces earning potential but does not render you completely unable to work, partial disability benefits are also available.
Damages from a personal injury lawsuit also include payment of lost income, including a lifetime of lost wages if a construction accident makes you permanently unable to work.
Appropriate compensation for lost income in an injury case is determined as part of settlement negotiations, or a jury may determine the wages the injury has caused you to lose. Lawyers in Chicago who focus on construction accidents can assist in finding experts to prove the extent of lost income to maximize damages awarded by a jury.
Learn more on our page explaining what damages you can recover.
After a construction accident, workers’ compensation payments should begin as should negotiations to settle any lawsuits arising from the accident. Denied claims and contentious negotiations are common. Getting what you deserve can present many challenges.
If the negligence of a non-employer contributed to the injury, and a liability claim is possible, you should file a personal injury lawsuit with the help of an attorney. After filing a lawsuit:
Disagreements over liability or damages in personal injury cases are resolved in court, but you have to take affirmative steps to have your claim heard.
Lawsuits are adversarial by nature. While some cases are settled outside of court, you will have the legal burden of proving your case in order to obtain compensation if it goes to court.
You will need to demonstrate that the defendant violated a duty that led to the accident and your construction injuries. If the jury believes you have proved your case by a preponderance of the evidence, damages will be awarded. Preponderance of the evidence means, more likely than not, that the defendant was responsible for the accident.
Non-workers injured on construction sites should be eligible for compensation for medical bills, lost income, pain and suffering, emotional distress and other damages. You have the burden of taking legal action to obtain compensation, and you need to act quickly.
Personal injury or wrongful death lawsuits are the appropriate course of action for non-employees injured on construction sites, but you have just two years to file a civil lawsuit.
The lawsuit must state a cause of action (legal grounds for making a claim). If the responsible party or insurer accepts fault, settlement negotiations can resolve the claim outside of court.
The case can also move forward with the exchange of information and evidence (discovery), and with the court ruling on issues that must be decided prior to trial.
If the claim does not settle, you will need to prove that negligence or wrongdoing caused the injuries you suffered on the construction site. You can be compensated even if you were partly at fault and, in some cases, even if you did not have express permission to be at the site.
Cases can settle up to the time the jury delivers its verdict. If no settlement is reached, the jury will decide whether you obtain compensation and how much you receive.
Employers and insurers have lawyers looking out for their interests after a construction accident occurs. Having an attorney representing you will ensure your rights are protected. Your lawyer can help in many ways to maximize your benefits.
An attorney can:
These are just some of the many ways having a professional legal representative is beneficial after a construction accident.